Vintage Watchstraps. This page includes a number of examples of British hallmarks that should show you want to look out for when your are trying to read British hallmarks. I hope you have read my page about British hallmarks so you know that you should be looking for all four parts of a hallmark. I have also included a bit of history for some of the companies mentioned that I hope you find interesting. These British hallmarks were struck on items of gold or silver manufactured in the UK. From imported gold and silver items should also have been assayed and hallmarked in a British assay office, but very few were. From imported gold and silver items should have been stamped with an “F” mark denoting Foreign origin in addition to the usual British hallmarks, but again very few were. From about increasing numbers of foreign gold and silver watch cases began to be hallmarked in British assay offices, and there are examples of some of these further down this page.
DATE LETTERS – 1773 TO 2020
King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a Sun Hallmark. Image Courtesy of the Hallmark Research Institute.
From medieval times to the midth century, hallmarks were used only as a means of consumer protection.
Dating english sterling silver. In the esteemed wallace sir christopher sterling flatware pattern: la reine pattern, who served as silver loving cup golf trophy, ltd.
The marks on the bottom of a piece of silver can be an indication of the age, maker, and origin of the piece. This is a list of American silver marks and solid American silver. Other lists include silver-plated wares and pewter. It will not help you to identify other silver. Four or five small pictorial marks usually indicate England as the country of origin. Queen Victoria faces left.
A Peterson Dating Guide; A Rule of Thumb
Marks on precious metals have been regulated by law since ancient times. From pharaohs, Roman emperors and continuing today, fineness, or standard marks, have been used to guarantee minimum amounts of precious metal in relation to non-precious metal. At least that’s the theory.
(column) in the table below to see a larger view (scroll down for earlier dates): quality as the silver currency (hence the term “sterling” for the silver standard). The Hallmarking Act of brought the remaining 4 British Assay Offices.
See also the definitions page in this guide for additional information on hallmark components. Note at centre of the image at right the four elements of the hallmark. Detailed image of hallmark far right. Locate the assay office. If your item does not have one of the standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or is from another county. Go no further. The date letter shows the year that assaying was carried out.
The date letter example above represents Prior to the date letter varied for every office. After that it became uniform for every city. Since , the date letter has been optional.
antique sterling silver apostle spoon
Tags: antique jewellery , Antique Jewelry , British Hallmarks , dating hallmarked jewelry , English 18th c. Did you recently purchase your first piece of English antique jewelry? Would you like to know what the marks stamped on your jewelry mean? While most of this post is for those new to the English hallmarking system, there is at least one piece of information that I guarantee you will be news to a number of collectors and perhaps even a few dealers, read on to find out. A hallmark identifies the type of precious metal and the fineness or purity of that metal.
How to read British Silver Hallmarks & Makers’ Marks, Illustrated & Explained including the datemarks of England, Ireland & Scotland.
It has a typical baluster shape with a swelling out of the body near the foot, the handle is hollow with a opening in the bottom to allow easy handling of both cold and hot drinks. It is unadorned except for the monogrammed letters W. It has a few tiny blemishes on the top rim and the body but nothing major of note, I have tried to photograph this piece well and encourage inquiries to answer any questions you may have. A stunning sterling teapot with a unique combination of wood and sterling.
It features a wooden handle and lid cap that makes the teapot easier to pick up, hold and pour when serving. The teapot is a unique shape with a rippled body, a small spout with a bold,yet small footed base for placement. A beautiful English Hallmarked teapot from a passed era, that would make an effortless, yet timeless gift. Excellent Condition: No dents or repairs minimal surface scratches and tarnish that can be easily polished.
Fine Silver and Objects de Vertu
The date letter and the traditional fineness marks are no longer compulsory components of the hallmark. However, we believe that the date letter is a very important component of the hallmark, as it is the easiest way to date an item and research has shown that most of our customers still want to see the traditional fineness mark on the hallmark. Unlike some of the other UK assay offices, we do not charge any extra to apply the two non-compulsory marks.
Those only wanting the compulsory marks applied should indicate this on the hallnote. Read more about the other legally recognised marks in the UK, International Convention marks, and Commemorative marks here. Also known as Maker’s Mark.
British silver pieces will normally have the lion passant hallmark (indicating sterling silver) along with an assay mark, a date mark, and.
The passage of time and repair work has marred or eliminated marks from many pieces making them harder to identify the precious metal content, the country of manufacturer or the maker. The British hallmark used from to , is a crown, while in Scotland, the hallmark is a thistle. The British only used 18 or 22 karat gold during this time. The karatage is usually the karat number, followed by a c, ct, or carat. It may be marked or , as well. After , the British begin to hallmark jewelry pieces made in 9, 12, and 15 karat gold as well and the crown is still used, however, the karatage is indicated with a mark that denotes the fineness in parts per thousand, for example the mark is nine karat, is 12 karat, and is 15 karat.
In , 14 karat, often marked , replaced 12 karat and 15 karat alloys. In addition to the crown and fineness marks, assay marks and date letters are used that provide a great deal of information about a piece. French gold pieces made after bore an Eagle hallmark indicating a fineness of at least 18 karat and assayed French pieces must meet or exceed this standard.
Silver Identification Guide
Silver Dictionary’ of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu , a pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington , history, oddities In Scotland the craft was theoretically supervised by the Edinburgh Goldsmiths’ Incorporation, but in practice its influence outside the capital was limited and a plethora di unofficial Scottish Provincial marks was created.
London leopard’s head crowned until
Current Legislation ·. Mixed Metals ·. Bonded Gold ·. Pre s Exemption ·. International Convention Marks ·. The British Hallmarking Council ·.
Look for relevant sub- categories with listings in your search results. Try your search terms here Have you been thinking about joining us? Fine sterling silver from English makers using British hallmarks and American companies marking “sterling” during the reigns of Queen Victoria – and King Edward VII – Sort By:. When Listed.